Just under 4.6 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just over 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland.
The island's geography comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, with several navigable rivers extending inland.
It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel.
Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
For the part of the United Kingdom, see Northern Ireland.
In 1177 Prince John Lackland was made Lord of Ireland by his father Henry II of England at the Council of Oxford.Mr Brokenshire is expected to make a further statement in the Commons on Tuesday, outlining details of how the UK Government intends to foster an agreement to save power sharing at Stormont.BOTH IRELAND AND Northern Ireland would significantly benefit from reunification, a new report suggests.At the same time, the Republic would benefit from barrier-free access to the Northern Irish market.“Our modeling exercise points to strong positive unification effects driven by successful currency devaluation and a policy dependent industrial turn-around,” said Dr. While these effects occur in a static global economic environment, under ideal political conditions, they underline the potential of political and economic unification when it is supported by smart economic policy.